Relaxing in Royal Palm Park in 1920

Royal Palm Park in 1920

Cover: Royal Palm Park in 1920

Royal Palm Park represented many things for Miami residents in the first couple of decades of the twentieth century. In this photo, taken in approximately 1920, people are relaxing on park benches located in the northeast corner of the park. The park was constructed by the FEC organization just north of the company’s Royal Palm Hotel and it served as Miami’s front yard for more than two decades before Bayfront Park was even an idea. It was Miami’s first athletic and event venue, it regularly hosted hundreds of people attending Sunday service conducted by William Jennings Bryan, and acted as a gathering spot for local residents and tourists.

The perimeter of the park was very inviting to those who wanted to relax and take in the breeze from Biscayne Bay. As seen in this photograph, the breeze was somewhat shielded by the FEC Fair Building and Elser Pier. The large building at the end of Flagler Street (left side of the photo), was Elser Pier. It was built in 1917 and stood until 1924, when it was razed to make room for Bayfront Park. The big electric sign in front of the pier was added in November of 1920, shortly before this photograph was taken.

The building on the right side of the photograph was the FEC Fair Building. It was originally constructed to host the county fair, but was later used for early conventions and other city events. Once Elser Pier opened in 1917, bigger events were hosted there.

William H. Luden Residence in Point View

William H. Luden Residence in Point View

To the left of the Fair Building in this picture is an advertisement for Luden’s Menthol Cough Drops. It was a very popular product in the early part of twentieth century and made its founder, William H. Luden, very wealthy. Luden was very fond of Miami and visited annually during the winter months. He enjoyed his time in Miami during the winter months that he purchased a home in the Point View subdivision of Brickell in February of 1920 from Locke T. Highleyman, who also operated Elser Pier in 1920.

Royal Palm Park was very active and hosted a lot of events from its creation in 1896 until it stopped operating as a park in the mid-1920s. In the early 1920s, the city decided it was time to construct and operate a publicly funded park, which led to the creation of Bayfront Park, and eliminated the need for the FEC organization to maintain the privately-owned Royal Palm Park. The hurricane of 1926 represented the beginning of the end for both the Royal Palm Hotel and its companion park.

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Read more information at: Elser Pier in Downtown Miami


  • Cover: Royal Palm Park in 1920. Courtesy of Florida Memory. Photographer is William Fishbaugh.
  • Figure 1: William H. Luden residence in Point View. Courtesy of HistoryMiami Museum.